Music Therapy for Trauma Rehabilitation

At Muse for Life in Sandy Springs Atlanta, we give private & group music therapy sessions for individuals who have experienced traumatic brain injury and are in need of rehabilitation. Brain injuries are generally caused by compression of brain tissue, tearing of brain tissue, and shearing, when brain areas slide over other brain areas. These injuries can be further complicated by swelling in the skull & bleeding in or around the brain. Typically, there are four areas of evaluation and assessment that are focused upon for a music therapy treatment plan and the establishment of concrete goals.

These are:

* Cognitive problems

• Memory, receptive & expressive language, attention & concentration, problem solving strategies* Sensorimotor problems• Balance, coordination, range of motion, endurance, muscle tone, & body awareness


* Medical problems

• Heart conditions, seizures, hypertension, diabetes, & lung diseases


* Socioemotional problems

• Impaired independent living skills, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, sexual dysfunction, or aggressive behaviors


Effective music therapy for traumatic brain injury rehabilitation will

* Help prevent complications that can obstruct recovery,

* Teach adaptive strategies,

* Focus on retraining affected parts of the nervous system through specific exercise techniques,

* Ensure the availability & proper use of physical aids,

* Encourage use of affected limbs

* Emphasize functional, task and goal oriented exercises & activities

* Use effective learning & training strategies by emphasizing the training of functional movements in a highly repetitive, patterned, & rhythmic manner


MusicTherapy Goals for Rehabilitation Trauma

* Cognitive skills-

to increase or improve sensory stimulation & training, reality orientation, attention training, memory training, perceptual training, & executive strategies training

• rhythm, melody, & other elements of music provide excellent structures to organize & remember information (mnemonic, chunking, rhyme)

• music mirrors language


* Communication skills-

(aphasia) to facilitate spontaneous & voluntary speech

o Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT)

o Nonpropositional Speech Stimulation approacho Rhythmic speech cuing


(dyspraxia) to facilitate & improve oral motor function

o Vocal intonation therapy -

= Position training with & without sound


(dysarthric) to improve speech muscular and breath control

o Therapeutic singing & vocal exercises

o Rhythmic breath exercises

o Upper body relaxation

o Rhythmic cuing to control rate of speech


* Motor skills (physical deficits)-

to improve motor skills & functioning

• Music & movement integration to provide motivation, purpose, structure, & physiological facilitation

• Movement to music where music is a timekeeper, pacemaker, & muscular entrainment signal.

o Music as patterned sensory stimulation

o Music as rhythmic entrainment

o Music as audiospinal facilitation (startle reflex)


• Movement through music where playing musical instruments is used to exercise physical functions

o Music provides auditory feedback & purposeful movement

o Music provides affective/motivational arousal

o Music provides motor memory

• Music therapy techniques-

o Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS)

o Patterned sensory enhancement (PSE)

o Therapeutic instrument playing (TIMP)


* Socioemotional skills-

to reduce anxiety, to facilitate coping mechanisms, & to fulfill the need for social interaction


Contact Us At:

Muse for Life Community Inspiration Center

205 Hilderbrand Drive

Sandy Springs, Ga. 30328

(404) 943-1063,